Cut motion is a veto power given to the members of the Lok Sabha to oppose a demand in the financial bill discussed by the government. This can turn into an effective tool to test the strength of the government. If a cut motion is adopted by the House and the government does not have the numbers, it is obliged to resign.
Great Andaman Trunk Road
NH 223 or the Great Andaman Trunk Road connects Port Blair and Mayabunder in A&N Islands. It covers a distance of 300 km. In 2002, the SC had ordered the closure of this road due to its effects on the indigenous tribes there. This order hasn’t been implemented, however.
Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)
C-DAC is the premier R&D organization of the Department of Information Technology, MCIT for carrying out R&D in IT, Electronics and associated areas.
Their wide range of products, services and solutions are designed to cater to a large market ranging from health care systems, datawarehousing, multimedia and multilingual technologies, networking solutions to technical consultancy, training and eGovernance solutions. They had developed the PARAM series of supercomputers.
Jogbani Integrated Check Post
This ICP is to be constructed at Jogbani in Bihar on the Indo-Nepal Border. It has been undertaken as a part of the 11th FYP. It is the third ICP in the country after Attari (Punjab) and Raxaul (Bihar).
Integrated Check Posts
The Department of Border Management has finalized the Detailed Project Reports for the 13 ICPs to be set up on the borders between India and Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Myanmar. The ICPs are envisaged to overcome the infrastructural bottlenecks at the various entry and exit points on the land borders of the country. They are expected to provide facilities for effective and efficient discharge of sovereign functions such as security, immigration, customs, quarantine, etc. while also providing support facilities for smooth cross-border movement of persons, goods and transport. A Bill has been introduced in Parliament for the establishment of a Land Ports Authority of India (LPAI), which has been envisaged as a statutory body for the planning, construction, maintenance and management of these ICPs.
Multidimensional Poverty Index
Will be featured in the 2010 HDR. Developed and applied by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative with UNDP support. MPI assesses a range of critical factors or deprivations at the household level: from education to health outcomes to assets and services. The measure reveals the nature and extent of poverty at different levels: from household up to regional, national and international level.
According to this measure, 8 Indian states have more poor than 26 African Nations.
Major movements: Northern Cyprus, Somaliland, Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Transnistria
National Sports Awards
National Sports Awards are given every year to recognize and reward excellence in sports. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award is given for spectacular performance in the year under consideration; Arjuna Award is given for consistently outstanding performance for three consecutive years preceding the year of award; Dhyan Chand Award for lift time contribution to sports development; and Dronacharya Award for producing medal winners at prestigious international sports events in past three years.
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award is given to only one sportsperson in a year. Arjuna Award is given to not more than 15, Dhyan Chand Award to not more than 3 and Dronacharya Award to not more than 5 persons.
With a view to recognizing the contribution made to sports development by entities other than sportspersons and coaches, Government has instituted last year (2009), a new award entitled Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar, which has four categories, namely, community sports development, promotion of sports academies of excellence, support to elite sportspersons and employment to sportspersons.
Madrid system for the international registration of marks is the primary international system for facilitating the registration of trademarks in multiple jurisdictions around the world. It is administered by the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIIPO) in Geneva, Switzerland.
Four major GI public sector companies in India:
National Insurance Co. Ltd, The New India Assurance Co. Ltd, The Oriental Insurance Co. Ltd, United India Insurance Co. Ltd.
MINUSTAH – UN Stabilisation Mission in Haiti
Section 124A of the IPC
Charges of sedition. It was invoked against Binayak Sen. Gandhiji was also charged against the same in 1922. “whoever by written or spoken words, or by signs or visible representations attempts or brings into hatred or contempt or attempts or excites disaffection towards the government established by law shall be punishable with life imprisonment.”
Multidimensional Poverty Index
- Sabina Alkire and James Foster
- 10 indicators. 3 dimensions: health, education, living standards
- South Asia has 51 % of MP people; Africa 28%
- Niger is most poor: 93 % MP people
- 8 states of India > MP than 26 sub-saharan countries
- Bihar: 81 % MP