They are one of the indigenous people of Andaman Islands and are assumed to have inhabited the islands for thousands of years. Until about 1997, they largely kept themselves from the distant world. However, recently the interaction between them and the outside world has been increasing mainly due to the influx of tourists through the Great Andaman Trunk Road.
Risk: Contact with tourists may increase the risk of diseases in the tribe
Why in news?: Many tourism companies have used this community as a tourist attraction. This has invited protests from the media over their portrayal as a tourist attraction.
Gujjars are a tribal community found in North India. They have been in news recently for demand of ST status as well as their demand for a separate Pir Panchal region in J&K. They are also found in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
A nomadic tribe based in the Pir Pinjal and Himalayan mountains. They are called as Dhangar in rest of India. They are mainly shepherds. They migrate to hills in summer and to plains in winter.
Bhotia: A nomadic tribe in Himachal and Uttaranchal.
Lepcha tribe: Sikkim
|Monpa, Daffla, Abor, Mishmi, Nishi and Nagas||Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland||Practice Jhum cultivation|
|Gaddi||Himachal Pradesh||Practice transhumance and speak Gaddiali dialect|
|Inuit||Arctic region of Canada, Denmark, Russia, Alaska|
|ASSOCHAM||Dilip Modi <earlier: Swati Piramal>|
|FICCI||Rajan Bharti Mittal|
|CII||Hari Bhartia (President)/Chandrajit Banerjee (Director General). Harsh C Mariwala is the new president|
|Tea Board of India||Roshni Sen|
|Federal Bank||Shyam Srinivasan|
|CWG Federation||Michael Fennell|
|AREVA Global||Anne Lauvergeon|
|BP||Svanberg (Chairman); Bob Dudley (CEO)|
|Transocean||Steven Newman (Pres); Robert Rose (CEO); HQ: Geneva|
|Halliburton||David Lesar; HQ: Houston and Dubai|
|Cairn Energy||Bill Gammell (CEO); Norman Murray (Chairman)|
Heads of States
|Country||Head of State||Why in News?|
|Chile||Pres: Sebastian Pinera||In August 2010, San Jose Mine (a copper-gold mine) in Copiapo collapsed. 33 miners were stranded.|
|Bolivia||Pres: Evo Morales|
|Peru||Pres: Alan Garcia|
|Israel||PM: Benjamin Netanyahu|
|Mexico||Pres: Felipe Caldreron||CoP 16 was held in Cancun|
|Tunisia||Pres: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali||Public unrest in Tunisia over rising food prices|
|Syria||Pres: Bashar al-Assad
PM: Adel Safar
|Vinod Mehta||Outlook||Published the Radia tapes|
|Manu Joseph||Open||Published the Radia tapes|
|Vir Sanghvi||Hindustan Times|
|Samir Jain, Vineet Jain, Indu Jain||Times of India Group|
Team Captains of India
|Hockey (Men)||Rajpal Singh|
|George Mitchell||US Special Envoy to the Middle East|
|Deepak Parekh||Chairman of HDFC||In 2010, was conferred the highest honour of France|
|Y V Reddy||Global Crisis, Recession and Uneven Recovery|
Music, Arts, Lit etc
|T N Krishnan||Carnatic Music Violinist|
|U Srinivas||Mandolin (Carnatic)|
|N Ravikiran||Carnatic (Composer)|
|Rajan Mishra/Sajan Mishra||Khyal|
|Ashok Vajpeyi||Hindi Poet||Chairman of Lalit Kala Academy|
Most Probable People to be asked in the Exam
He was a quantum physicist/nuclear scientist at the Iranian Atomic Energy Commission. On November 29, 2010 unidentified assailants riding motorcycles launched separate bomb attacks, killing Shahriari. Iran claims that US and Israel were involved in this attack in an attempt to disrupt Iran’s nuclear program
Passed away on December 13, 2010
Executive Secretary of UNFCCC. She is from Costa Rica
Major Mitali Madhumita
In Feb 2011, she became the first woman officer in the army to receive a gallantry award. She was awarded the Sena Award (Gallantry) at the South Western Command.
Former law minister of India and also a senior advocate. Recently in news due to allegations that some previous CJIs have been corrupt. Also on the committee for the Lokpal Bill.
Gandhian and social activist known for his contribution for the development of Ralegan Siddhi, a model village in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. Agitated for the Jan Lokpal Bill. Awarded Padma Bhushan in 2002.
A Pakistani woman who was gang raped on the orders of a Panchayat because her 12 year old brother had an alleged illicit relations with a girl of higher caste. Recently, SC of Pakistan acquitted 5 accused in the case and upheld life sentence for one.
Ram Sharan Sharma (RS Sharma)
A historian of ancient and medieval India. Passed away in 2011.
Awared the David Perlman Award for science journalism. First Indian to receive.
Rabindra Sangeet exponent. Passed away.
Attorney General of California
A Pakistani human rights activist who played a major role in securing the release of the 22 sailors on board the Egyptian vessel mv Suez which was in the captivity of Somali pirates for the last 10 months. He took lead and arranged for a ransom of $2.1 mn to secure the release of all the sailors.
Economist. Passed away in June 2011.
Prof of Sociology at DSE. Was in news in the case Nandini Sundar & Ors vs State of CG. In this case, SC declared Salwa Judum and SPOs as unconstitutional.
Won Magasaysay Award 2011. For “her purpose-driven zeal to work tirelessly with villagers in Maharashtra, organizing them to successfully address both their aspirations and their adversities through collective action and heightened confidence in their potential to improve their own lives”
Won Magasaysay Award 2011. For “his passionate and pragmatic efforts to put solar power technology in the hands of the poor, through a social enterprise that brings customized, affordable, and sustainable electricity to India’s vast rural populace, encouraging the poor to become asset creators”.
An Iranian nuclear scientist who was killed in July 2011. <allegedly by Mossad>
Syed Ghulam Nadi Fai
A Kashmiri American citizen arrested by FBI for his alleged connections with ISI.
Former Lokayokta of Karnataka.
Has become the first woman jawan in the defence forces. She joined the 969 Railway Engineer Regiment of Territorial Army in Oct 2011.
- President of Standard and Poor’s since 2007
- S&P downgraded US debt to AA+ from AAA under his leadership
Appointed the first Vice Chancellor of the Nalanda International University in 2011
He was a revenue expert in 16th century India under Shivaji. He is considered to be Shivaji’s mentor. Recently there was a controversy in Maharashtra over shifting his statue.
He is a Urdu poet from Gujarat who had allegedly written a defamatory paragraph about Narendra Modi in one of his books. The Gujarat Urdu Sahitya Academy cancelled his assistance for publishing for this.
First woman spokesperson of NATO
Former US Army intelligence analyst held responsible for leaking government documents to Wikileaks
Indian athelete – long jumper. Won gold medal in long jump at the Asian Athletics Championship held at Kobe, Japan in 2011.
K Srinath Reddy
Indian cardiologies. Awarded honorary doctorate degree by Scotland’s Aberdeen University.
Major Laishram Jyotin Singh
Awarded Ashok Chakra in 2011. He was posted at Kabul embassy during the 26th January 2010 suicide attack at the Indian embassy in Kabul. He attacked the terrorist with his bare hands and caused the bomb vest worn by the terrorist to explode outside and cause less damage than intended.
- An Afro Caribbean youth in London
- He was shot and killed by armed police force in confrontation
- His death triggered riots in London
He is a renowned environmental historian, political commentator and Dy professor.
Nisha Desai Biswal
Nominated to the post of Assistant Administrator for Asia in USAID
Is an Indian Hockey player. He was the part of the team which won the Asian Champions trophy in 2011. The 21-year-old scored during the penalty shoot-out against Pakistan in the final to help India take an important lead and eventually win the tournament
Author of the superbug study.