Jarawa Community

They are one of the indigenous people of Andaman Islands and are assumed to have inhabited the islands for thousands of years. Until about 1997, they largely kept themselves from the distant world. However, recently the interaction between them and the outside world has been increasing mainly due to the influx of tourists through the Great Andaman Trunk Road.

Population: 250-300

Risk: Contact with tourists may increase the risk of diseases in the tribe

Why in news?: Many tourism companies have used this community as a tourist attraction. This has invited protests from the media over their portrayal as a tourist attraction.


Gujjars are a tribal community found in North India. They have been in news recently for demand of ST status as well as their demand for a separate Pir Panchal region in J&K. They are also found in Pakistan and Afghanistan.


A nomadic tribe based in the Pir Pinjal and Himalayan mountains. They are called as Dhangar in rest of India. They are mainly shepherds. They migrate to hills in summer and to plains in winter.

Bhotia: A nomadic tribe in Himachal and Uttaranchal.

Lepcha tribe: Sikkim


Tribes State(s)/Country Speciality
Monpa, Daffla, Abor, Mishmi, Nishi and Nagas Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland Practice Jhum cultivation
Gaddi Himachal Pradesh Practice transhumance and speak Gaddiali dialect
Pygmies Africa  
Semang/sakai Malaysia Negrito group
Inuit Arctic region of Canada, Denmark, Russia, Alaska  
Pintupi Australia  


Organization Head
ASSOCHAM Dilip Modi <earlier: Swati Piramal>
NASSCOM Som Mittal
FICCI Rajan Bharti Mittal
CII Hari Bhartia (President)/Chandrajit Banerjee (Director General). Harsh C Mariwala is the new president
Tea Board of India Roshni Sen
Federal Bank Shyam Srinivasan
CWG Federation Michael Fennell
WHO Margaret Chan
UNDP Helen Clark
Citigroup Vikram Pandit
Motorola Sanjay Jha
AREVA Global Anne Lauvergeon
BP Svanberg (Chairman); Bob Dudley (CEO)
Transocean Steven Newman (Pres); Robert Rose (CEO); HQ: Geneva
Halliburton David Lesar; HQ: Houston and Dubai
Wal-Mart Mike Duke
Cairn Energy Bill Gammell (CEO); Norman Murray (Chairman)


Heads of States

Country Head of State Why in News?
Chile Pres: Sebastian Pinera In August 2010, San Jose Mine (a copper-gold mine) in Copiapo collapsed. 33 miners were stranded.
Bolivia Pres: Evo Morales  
Peru Pres: Alan Garcia  
Israel PM: Benjamin Netanyahu  
Mexico Pres: Felipe Caldreron CoP 16 was held in Cancun
Kosovo Hashim Thaci  
Tunisia Pres: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Public unrest in Tunisia over rising food prices
Syria Pres: Bashar al-Assad

PM: Adel Safar



Media Personalities

Name Media House Remark
Vinod Mehta Outlook Published the Radia tapes
Manu Joseph Open Published the Radia tapes
Barkha Dutt NDTV  
Vir Sanghvi Hindustan Times  
Samir Jain, Vineet Jain, Indu Jain Times of India Group  


Team Captains of India

Sport Captain
Hockey (Men) Rajpal Singh



George Mitchell US Special Envoy to the Middle East  
Deepak Parekh Chairman of HDFC In 2010, was conferred the highest  honour of France



Subject Author Book
  Y V Reddy Global Crisis, Recession and Uneven Recovery


Music, Arts, Lit etc

Name Field Distinction


Leela Samson Bharatnatyam  
Birju Maharaj Kathak  
Zakir Hussain Tabla  
Shivkumar Sharma Santoor  
Hariprasad Chaurasia Flute  
T N Krishnan Carnatic Music Violinist  
Arvind Parikh Sitar  
U Srinivas Mandolin (Carnatic)  
N Ravikiran Carnatic (Composer)  
Sudha Raghunathan Carnatic  
Rajan Mishra/Sajan Mishra Khyal  
Ajoy Chakraborti Hindustani  
Purvi Parikh Khyal  
Ashok Vajpeyi Hindi Poet Chairman of Lalit Kala Academy


Most Probable People to be asked in the Exam

Majid Shahriari

He was a quantum physicist/nuclear scientist at the Iranian Atomic Energy Commission. On November 29, 2010 unidentified assailants riding motorcycles launched separate bomb attacks, killing Shahriari. Iran claims that US and Israel were involved in this attack in an attempt to disrupt Iran’s nuclear program

Richard Holbrooke

Passed away on December 13, 2010

Christiana Figueres

Executive Secretary of UNFCCC. She is from Costa Rica

Major Mitali Madhumita

In Feb 2011, she became the first woman officer in the army to receive a gallantry award. She was awarded the Sena Award (Gallantry) at the South Western Command.

Shanti Bhushan

Former law minister of India and also a senior advocate. Recently in news due to allegations that some previous CJIs have been corrupt. Also on the committee for the Lokpal Bill.

Anna Hazare

Gandhian and social activist known for his contribution for the development of Ralegan Siddhi, a model village in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. Agitated for the Jan Lokpal Bill. Awarded Padma Bhushan in 2002.

Mukhtaran Mai

A Pakistani woman who was gang raped on the orders of a Panchayat because her 12 year old brother had an alleged illicit relations with a girl of higher caste. Recently, SC of Pakistan acquitted 5 accused in the case and upheld life sentence for one.

Ram Sharan Sharma (RS Sharma)

A historian of ancient and medieval India. Passed away in 2011.

Pallav Bagla

Awared the David Perlman Award for science journalism. First Indian to receive.

Suchitra Mitra

Rabindra Sangeet exponent. Passed away.

Kamla Harris

Attorney General of California

Ansar Burney

A Pakistani human rights activist who played a major role in securing the release of the 22 sailors on board the Egyptian vessel mv Suez which was in the captivity of Somali pirates for the last 10 months. He took lead and arranged for a ransom of $2.1 mn to secure the release of all the sailors.

Suresh Tendulkar

Economist. Passed away in June 2011.

Nandini Sundar

Prof of Sociology at DSE. Was in news in the case Nandini Sundar & Ors vs State of CG. In this case, SC declared Salwa Judum and SPOs as unconstitutional.

Nileema Mishra

Won Magasaysay Award 2011.  For “her purpose-driven zeal to work tirelessly with villagers in Maharashtra, organizing them to successfully address both their aspirations and their adversities through collective action and heightened confidence in their potential to improve their own lives”

Harish Hande

Won Magasaysay Award 2011. For  “his passionate and pragmatic efforts to put solar power technology in the hands of the poor, through a social enterprise that brings customized, affordable, and sustainable electricity to India’s vast rural populace, encouraging the poor to become asset creators”.

Dariush Rezaei-Nejad

An Iranian nuclear scientist who was killed in July 2011. <allegedly by Mossad>

Syed Ghulam Nadi Fai

A Kashmiri American citizen arrested by FBI for his alleged connections with ISI.

Santosh Hegde

Former Lokayokta of Karnataka.

Shanti Tigga

Has become the first woman jawan in the defence forces. She joined the 969 Railway Engineer Regiment of Territorial Army in Oct 2011.

Devan Sharma

  • President of Standard and Poor’s since 2007
  • S&P downgraded US debt to AA+ from AAA under his leadership

Gopa Sabharwal

Appointed the first Vice Chancellor of the Nalanda International University in 2011

Less likely

Dadoji Konddeo

He was a revenue expert in 16th century India under Shivaji. He is considered to be Shivaji’s mentor. Recently there was a controversy in Maharashtra over shifting his statue.

Aqeel Shatir

He is a Urdu poet from Gujarat who had allegedly written a defamatory paragraph about Narendra Modi in one of his books. The Gujarat Urdu Sahitya Academy cancelled his assistance for publishing for this.

Oana Lungescu

First woman spokesperson of NATO

Bradley Manning

Former US Army intelligence analyst held responsible for leaking government documents to Wikileaks

Mayookha Johny

Indian athelete – long jumper. Won gold medal in long jump at the Asian Athletics Championship held at Kobe, Japan in 2011.

K Srinath Reddy

Indian cardiologies. Awarded honorary doctorate degree by Scotland’s Aberdeen University.

Major Laishram Jyotin Singh

Awarded Ashok Chakra in 2011. He was posted at Kabul embassy during the 26th January 2010 suicide attack at the Indian embassy in Kabul. He attacked the terrorist with his bare hands and caused the bomb vest worn by the terrorist to explode outside and cause less damage than intended.

Mark Duggan

  • An Afro Caribbean youth in London
  • He was shot and killed by armed police force in confrontation
  • His death triggered riots in London

Mahesh Rangarajan

He is a renowned environmental historian, political commentator and Dy professor.

Nisha Desai Biswal

Nominated to the post of Assistant Administrator for Asia in USAID

Yuvraj Walmiki

Is an Indian Hockey player. He was the part of the team which won the Asian Champions trophy in 2011. The 21-year-old scored during the penalty shoot-out against Pakistan in the final to help India take an important lead and eventually win the tournament

Timothy Walsh

Author of the superbug study.

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