Music and Drama


Music and Drama



Bharatas Natyashastra

Matangas Brihadesi: discussed the concept of raga

Sangadevas Sangeetaratnakara: 264 ragas

Bhakti and Sufi saints


Music:based on raga system

Qawwali :Sufi trdition of Khanqas gave birth to qawwali which in turn influenced Khayal singing


Hindustani :time and mood associated to ragas

Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khayal, thumri,dadra, thappa;Each Garana has its own style of singing

Carnatic: kritis of Purandaradasa, Thyagararaja,Muthuswami Dhikshitar

Carnatic music, from South India, tends to be significantly more structured than Hindustani music. Examples of this are the logical classification of ragas into melakarthas, and the use of fixed compositions similar to Western classical music. Carnatic raga elaborations are generally much faster in tempo and shorter than their equivalents in Hindustani music.

Sojkhwani or dirge singing in majlis during muharram

Mehlas of adigranth have some ragas

Haveli sangeet, kitans, bhajans and choirs are prominant form of devotional music

Folk music

Dances: Refer pg 28 10th ncert

Tandava and lasya

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