- How,When,Where the Hinduism Origin?
- Hinduism says about what? and You should know True Hinduism
- Historical Setup and its Organisation?
- Lastly,what is the role of Hinduism in the contemporary world?
Structure of this article:
- The Theological and Metaphysical Basis
- Brahman and Atman
- Basic Cults and Deities in Hinduism
- Hindu Social Institutions
- Hindu Social Institutions
- Hinduism in the Historical Settings
- Encounter with Islam
- Encounter with the West
- Hinduism in the Contemporary Period
- Internationalisation of Hinduism
- Individualised Cults
- Politicisation of Hinduism
Let us discuss the true history of Hinduism in the context of religious pluralism in India.After the completion of this article,you should be able to explain the theological and metaphysical basis of Hinduism and also describes the basic cults and deities of Hinduism along with the discussion of the Hindu social institutions and analysing of historical settings and contemporary period of the Hinduism.
We should know the true history and origin of Hinduism.On this,we would begins with a discussion on the theological and the metaphysical basis of Hinduism. It is very difficult to define Hinduism. But we have a set of central belief systems of Hinduism. The belief systems are the notion of:
- Moksha and the
- Ideas of purity and pollution…..
There are numerous cults and deities in Hinduism,some of them are discussed in this article.Their life is reflected along with their social institutions.So we also discuss here the social institutions of marriage, family and inheritance in Hinduism.In the world,the oldest religion is Hinduism and its historical setting was influenced by various movements and it has also encontered various external and internal forces.Bhakti movement in Hinduism and the encounter of Hinduism with Islam and the West are also discussed here along with contemporary facets of Hinduism.Also covers the aspects related to the efforts made towards internationalisation of Hinduism, emergence of individualised cults in Hinduism and politicisation of Hinduism.
THE THEOLOGICAL AND METAPHYSICAL BASIS:
More than 80% of the population in india is following Hinduism in India.It is also spreaded over to Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma,Indonesia, East and South Africa, the Caribbean Islands, Guyana, Fiji, U.K., U.S.A and with some more countries.It has vast sacred literature sources.
These are the:
- Mahabharata etc……
There are innumerable gods,and it is not necessary to believe the god,in order to be a Hindu.Because the Hinduism keeps it tolerant and open to dissent from within or without. Of this,there are diverse interactions between the theological or metaphysical and the local levels of Hinduism in practice.Hinduism unites a diverse elements of beliefs and practices.It covers the whole of life. It has religious,social,economic,literary and artistic aspects.In the process of social evolution,various sects have developed in Hinduism. Each of the sects has distinctive sets of literatures, Gods and Goddesses.But the fundamental concepts centered of:
- Brahman (universal soul) and Atman (individual soul)
- Moksha and the
- ideas of purity and pollution.
Let us discuss……………
BRAHMAN AND ATMAN:
Brahman — Hindus believe in an eternal, infinite and all embracing ultimate force.
The Brahman is present in all forms of life.The relationship between the Brahman(the universal soul) and Atman (the individual soul) has been the main concern in Hinduism.But the views are different.
- One view is that there is no existence of God and the Brahman is absolute and attributeless.
- Other one,is recognises the existence of God and consider the issue of his relations with Brahman on the one hand and the Atman on the Other.
The Atman,considered to be indestructible and passes through a series of incarnations-human, animal or super human and is influenced by the good and bad deeds of previous births and they are reference to Dharma.
WHAT IS DHARMA?
It includes cosmological, ethical, social and legal principles that provide the basis for the notion of an ordered universe.
In the social context, it stands for the righteousness of good life.It refers to the rules of social intercourse laid down traditionally,in terms of:
- Social Status(Varna),
- The Stage of Life (Ashrams) and
- The Qualities of Inborn Nature (Guna)
Simply, for every person there is a mode of conduct and it is his or her svadharma, which means ‘vocation’.Thus Dharma consists of:
- Artha — rational pursuit of economic and political goals
- Karma — Pleasure
Purushartha,the goals of life also incorporate the goals of moksha or “freedom through transcendence from the cycle of birth, death and rebirth.
Dharma, inclusive of artha and kama.
Moksha is the alternative one.
To clear the above mentioned words, let us discuss on notions of:
- Purusartha (goals of a man).
- Rins (obligations) and
- Varnaashrarn (divisions of the society) and the interdependence among them.
There has been a constant quest towards achieving a fruitful life in Hinduism.
Pursuits of certain goals has been considered inhabitable,for the achievement of such life.
The integrated life of a Hindu involves:
- Artha, (material pursuits)
- Karna (love desire) and
- Moksha (salvation)
The pursuit of these four fold goals is known as purusartha.These goals are to be pursued in a righteous way in his samsara (the arena where the cycle of birth and rebirth continues to operate until one attains salvation.The full validity of Hindu life lies in the integration of the above four goals.This process puts every moment of life of a Hindu under self-examination and binds him with enormous social and spiritual obligations.Thus Hinduism calls for the voluntary acceptance and submission to the four defined obligations (Rins).To know more about the true history of hinduism…