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Name HQ/Estd Others
NALCO Bhubaneshwar, 1985  




Estd. 1953

Chairman: B Prasad Rao

HQ: New Delhi


Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India in the energy-related and infrastructure sector which includes Power, Railways, Telecom, Transmission and Distribution, Oil and Gas sectors and many more. It is the 12th largest power equipment manufacturer in the world. 73% of the total power generated in India is produced by equipment manufactured by BHEL.

It is one of India’s Navratnas.

Main manufacturing facilities:

Bharat Earth Movers Limited

Estd. 1964

Chairman: VRS Natrajan

Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, with headquarters in Bangalore. It manufactures a variety of heavy equipment, such as that used for earth moving, transport and mining. BEML has manufacturing plants in Kolar Gold Fields, Bangalore and Mysore.

Coal India Limited

Estd. 1975

HQ: Kolkata

Chairman: Partha Bhattacharya

Coal India Limited (CIL) is a public sector undertaking of the Indian Government. It is the world’s largest coal miner. It is owned entirely by the Union Government, under the administrative control of the Ministry of Coal. It is involved in coal mining and production industry. It is one of the navaratnas.


  • Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL)(Dhanbad, Jharkhand)
  • Central Coalfields Limited (CCL)(Ranchi, Jharkhand)
  • Western Coalfields Limited (WCL) region)
  • Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL)(Asansol, West Bengal)
  • Central Mine Planning and Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL)(Ranchi, Jharkhand)
  • Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM)(Ranchi, Jharkhand)
  • Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL)(Raulkela)
  • South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL)(Bilaspur)
  • North Eastern Coalfields Limited (NECL)(directly under control of coal india limited)
  • Northern Coalfields Limited, Singrauli (NCL,Singrauli)



Navratna was the title given originally to nine Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs), identified by the Government of India in 1997 as its most prestigious, which allowed them greater autonomy to compete in the global market.The number of PSEs having Navratna status has been raised to 19, the most recent addition being Oil India Limited.

The incumbents of this group as of 1.12.2008 are:

  1. Bharat Electronics Limited
  2. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  3. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
  4. Coal India Limited
  5. GAIL (India) Limited
  6. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
  7. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
  8. Indian Oil Corporation Limited—Maharatna category company now
  9. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited
  10. National Aluminium Company Limited
  11. National Mineral Development Corporation Limited
  12. NTPC Limited—Maharatna category company now
  13. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited—-Maharatna category company now
  14. Oil India Limited
  15. Power Finance Corporation Limited
  16. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
  17. Rural Electrification Corporation Limited
  18. Shipping Corporation of India Limited
  19. Steel Authority of India Limited—Maharatna category company now
  20. Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd – (conferred in nov 2010)

Damodar Valley Corporation

The Damodar Valley Corporation, popularly known as DVC, is the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India. The corporation came into being on July 7, 1948 by an Act of the Constituent Assembly of India.

The initial focus of the DVC were flood control, irrigation, generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, eco-conservation and afforestation, as well as job creation for the socio-economic well being of the people residing in and around areas affected by DVC projects. However, over the past few decades, power generation has gained priority.

Bharat Dynamics Limited

Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) is one of India‘s manufacturer of munitions and missile systems. It was founded in 1970 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

BDL specializes in the manufacture of ammunitions, rifles and panels.

National Textile Corporation Limited (NTC)

A PSU that owns many textile mills. Incorporated in 1968.


United India Insurance Company Limited (UIIC)

Estd. 1938. Merger and nationalization in 1972.

United India Insurance Company Limited is a leading General Insurance Company of India. It was formed by the merger of 22 companies, consequent to nationalisation of General Insurance. Its Head Quarters is at Chennai, India.

Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO)

Established in 1967, Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited, also known as IFFCO, is the world’s largest fertiliser cooperative federation based in India which is registered as a Multistate Cooperative Society. IFFCO has 40,000 member cooperatives. The Society is primarily engaged in the production and distribution of fertilisers.



It is a global financial services firm headquartered in Basel and Zurich, Switzerland. It is the world’s largest manager of private wealth assets and also the second largest bank in Europe.

Central Warehousing Corporation

A premier Warehousing Agency in India, established during 1957 providing logistics support to the agricultural sector, is one of the biggest public warehouse operators in the country offering logistics services to a diverse group of clients.

Food Corporation of India

The Food Corporation of India was setup under the Food Corporation Act 1964, in order to fulfill following objectives of the Food Policy :

1.     Effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers.
2.     Distribution of foodgrains throughout the country for public distribution system
3.     Maintaining satisfactory level  of operational  and buffer stocks of foodgrains to ensure National Food Security

In its 45 years of service to the nation, FCI has played a significant role in India’s success in transforming the crisis management oriented food security into a stable security system.

Chairman: Siraj Hussain

Dredging Corporation of India Limited (DCI)

Miniratna PSU engaged in the business of dredging.

Established: 1976

HQ: Vishakhapatnam

Chairman & MD: S S Tripathi

National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC)

Estd. 1958.

HQ: Hyderabad

NMDC is a PSU involved in the exploration of iron ore, copper, limestone, dolomite, gypsum, tin etc. It is India’s largest iron ore producer and exporter. It has three fully mechanized mines in Chhattisgarh and Karnataka. It also operates the only mechanized diamond mine in the country at Panna in Madhya Pradesh.


Alstom is a French multinational conglomerate that works in the area of power generation and transport (especially railways) markets. According to its website, Alstom has supplied more than 25 pc of the world’s installed power generation capacity.

Estd: 1928            HQ: Levallois-Perret, France        CEO & Chairman: Patrick Kron

IRCON International Limited

Estd: 1976

Indian Railway Construction Company. It is a specialized constructions organization covering the entire spectrum of construction activities and services in the infrastructure sector.

Hindustan Copper Limited

Estd. 1967

HQ: Kolkata

HCL is a PSU under the Ministry of Mines. It is the only vertically integrated copper producer in India engaged in a wide spectrum of activities including mining, smelting, refining etc.  Its units are: Khetri copper complex (Rajasthan), Indian Copper Complex (Jharkhand), Malanjkhand Copper Project (MP) and Taloja Copper Project (Maharashtra)

Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL)

Estd. 1987

HQ: Mumbai

Chairman/MD: S K Jain

Motto: Safety first and Production next

The PSU is responsible for the generation of nuclear power for electricity and construction and operation of India’s nuclear power plants. It is administered by the Department of Atomic Energy and is the only power utility company in India which uses nuclear fuel sources. As of June 2010, it had 19 nuclear reactors in operation at six locations (Rawatbhata, Kakarpara, Narora, Kaiga, Tarapur, Kalpakkam)

Bhartiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI)

Estd: 2003

It is a PSU under the control of DAE established with the objective of constructing and commissioning the first 500 MWe Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) at Kalpakkam and to pursue construction, commissioning, operation and maintenance of subsequent FBRs for generation of electricity.


It is India’s largest bullion supplier.

Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI)

HQ: Hyderabad

Under: Ministry of defence enterprise

MIDHANI – an ISO 9001:2000 Company with modern metallurgical facilities and high degree of technical competence in  manufacturing a wide range of Superalloys, Titanium, Special Purpose Steels and other special metals and alloys meeting stringent international standards for application in Aerospace, Defence, Atomic Energy, Power Generation, Chemical and other hi-tech industries.



Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (SJVN)

Formerly known as Nathpa Jhakri Power Corportation (NJPC) was establisedh in 1988 as a joint venture between GoI and Govt of Himachal Pradesh to planning and operation Hydro-electric power projects in the area. It is a mini-ratna company.


Hindustan Shipyard Limited – Visakhapatnam (Gandhigram)


MSTC Limited

Estd: 1964                            HQ: Kolkata

Under: Ministry of Steel

Two portfolios: 1. To propcure industrial (mainly metal) raw material for its principals      2. To provide a virtual marketplace for buyers and sellers of scrap metals (ferrous). Of late it has emerged as a player in promoting e-commerce.

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

Estd: 1964                            HQ: Bangalore

Formed by the merger of Hindustan Aircrafts Limited (estd in 1940) with Aeronautics India Limited and Aircraft Manufacturing Depot, Kanpur.

Defence projects: Dhruv, Tejas, Intermediate Jet Traniner, Marut

Space projects: PSLV, GSLV, Indian Remote Satellite, INSAT

Cement Corporation of India Limited

Estd: 1965                            HO: New Delhi

PSU established with the objective of setting up cement units in public sector to help achieve self-sufficiency in cement production in the country.

India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited

Estd: 2006                                            HQ: New Delhi

IIFCL is a dedicated institution purported to assume an apex role for financing and development of infrastructure projects in the country. It renders financial assistance through:

  1. Direct lending to eligible projects
  2. Refinance to banks and FIs for loans with tenor of five years or more
  3. Any other method approved by Government of India.
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