India and World – Central Asia & SCO


 26 total views,  2 views today

 

 

India and World – Central Asia & SCO

 

India-Central Asia

  • India’s presence in Central Asia
    • Member of Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA)
      • Only inter-governmental forum in Central Asia that India is a part of
    • Observer in SCO
    • India’s only foreign military base is in Tajikistan
    • TAPI <refer TAPI under energy article>
  • Close link between the peace, security and stability of Central Asia and India
  • India’s interest in Central Asia
    • Strategic, military and economic
    • Energy
      • Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan can provide oil and gas
      • Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan hold great hydroelectric potential
    • Strategic location
      • Sandwiched by Russia, China, Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan
      • India cannot afford to lag behind in this competition for resources
    • Security and stability
      • The region holds Islamic terrorist groups that may find way to India
      • If there is instability in Central Asia, combined with the precarious situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan, it can lead to serious security problems for India
    • Economic cooperation
    • Cultural dialogue
    • India is surrounded by unstable states and if it can cultivate positive and effective relations with its immediate northern neighbours, all the better
  • What can Central Asia gain?
    • Market to diversify their energy supplies
    • A strong nation that can help them balance Chinese, Russian and US pressure
    • Help in progressing their economies beyond just energy supplies, say IT sector and capability building
    • Foreign investment
  • Challenges
    • Lack of efficient surface transportation capabilities and connectivity
  • Way forward
    • Develop the International North-South Corridor

Mongolia

  • Diplomatic relations established in 1955
  • India was the first country outside the Soviet block to establish diplomatic relations with Mongolia
  • Mongolia supports India’s candidature as a permanent member of the UN SC
  • Pratibha Patil visited the country in July 2011
    • Three agreements were signed to expand cooperation in defence, planning and education and media exchanges
    • First Indian presidential visit after a gap of 23 years
  • Cultural links
    • Buddhism

Kazakhstan

  • PM MMS visited Astana in April 2011
  • Three major agreements signed during the 2011 visit
    • Civil nuclear cooperation
    • Between state oil companies on a 25 pc stake for India in a Caspian Sea basin block (Satpayev and Satpayev Vostochni)
    • Agriculture
  • Background
    • Lukewarm relations for a decade
    • After that India invited Pres Nazarbayev to be Chief Guest at the Republic Day celebrations in 2009
    • Strong cultural ties: Raj Kapoor, Nargis, Bollywood at present.
  • Energy ties
    • Caspian basis in rich in oil resources
    • Kzk willing to supply Uranium to India
    • Satpayev oil block
  • Agriculture
    • Agreement signed. Explore possibility of Indian farmers taking over Kazakh farmland on lease.

 

Shanghai Co-operation Organisation

  • SCO has slowly established itself as an important forum for the Eurasian region.
  • Presently the SCO prioritises peace and security issues, mainly, dealing with terrorism, separatism and focuses on making the whole region a stable and in predicable situation
  • Major issues in the region
    • Security and stability
    • Terrorism and Separatism
    • Narcotics trade
    • Trafficking and smuggling
  • 10th summit of SCO held in Astana in 2011. Astana Declaration adopted
    • At this summit an agreement on the criteria for membership was also reached and Insia is likely to join soon
    • Iran may not be able to join due to UN sanctions
  • Astana Declaration
    • Stressed the goal of combating the three forces
      • Terrorism, extremism and separatism
    • Summit called for a neutral Afghanistan
    • Adopted a counternarcotics strategy for 2011-16
  • SCO will have an important role in imparting stability in Afghanistan after US leaves

India and SCO

  • India is an observer member (2005) along with Iran, Pakistan and Mongolia
  • The Yekaterinburg summit of 2009 was attended by MMS. This marked a new chapter of India’s relationship with SCO
  • India’s interest in SCO
    • Be a partner in enhancing regional security
    • Make a gateway to Central Asia
    • Fight against drug trafficking
    • Energy security
    • Strengthen people to people contacts, exchanges of business persons and scholars
    • trade, investment and technology flows
Share this article

Have any Question or Comment?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

TNPSC MCQ Free Online Test

CLICK HERE…..Subject Indian History and Culture of India more than 1500 Topicwise Questions Based on TNPSC Syllabus

CLICK HERE…..Subject Indian Polity more than 1700 Topicwise Questions Based on TNPSC Syllabus

TN Text Books – Download Here

TamilNadu New School Books – English Medium 👉👉👉 Click Here

TamilNadu New School Books – Tamil Medium 👉👉👉 Click Here

TamilNadu Old School Books – English Medium 👉👉👉 Click Here

TamilNadu Old School Books – Tamil Medium 👉👉👉 Click Here

Important TNPSC Group Exam Links

TNPSC – Previous Year Question Papers 👉👉👉 Click Here

TNPSC Group Exams – Study Materials 👉👉👉 Click Here

Current Affairs Materials – All Competitive Exams 👉👉👉 Click Here

TNPSC – Group 1 Mains – Test Series & Question Bank 👉👉👉 Click Here