India and World – Defence and Security

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India and World – Defence and Security


Any threat to harmony and unity is a threat to security

Secu envir determined by a multitude of socio-economic-polito factors


Conventional and non-conventional security threats

Conventional: external and internal



External: Violence in Nepal, CBT, Pakistan, China (double digit growth of its defence budget, helping Pakistan’s nuclear project, string of pearls, recently destroyed its own satellite using a missile), Afghanistan

India located uniquely between golden crescent and golden triangle.


  • Increase indirect violence
  • Terrorism
  • Illegal immigration
  • WMD
  • Political instability in neighbourhood

Maritime security

  • Refer notes


Terrorism, Naxalism, Insurgency are three major concerns


Steps needed

  • Maintain friendly relationship with other nations
  • Maintain friendly relationship with Islamic nations
  • Ensure security environment in SA as a whole
  • Strengthen participation in UN
  • Secure membership of more regional organisation
  • Re-orient NAM towards security
  • Universal disarmament
  • Make NIA into a coordinating agency


Defence related steps needed

  • Survellience and communication equipment must be upgraded
  • Adequate sealift and airlift capabilities along with a credible and sustainable trans-national capability should be present in the country
  • Inadequacy in nation’s satellite imagery based surveillance capabilities must be mitigated
  • UAVs can play a greater role in the surveillance especially when they have night vision and thermal imaging capabilities
  • There is an increasing dependence on army to fight insurgency. Army should not be brought in for internal security. Para military forces must be strengthened
  • Need for effective border management policy which covers not only terrorist infiltration and illegal arms supply, but also prevents illegal immigration, smuggling and the flow of narcotics
  • Should try to become part of various groups so as to overcome the constraints of technology denial regimes
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