India and World – Nepal

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India and World – Nepal



The political situation in Nepal is presently unstable. The adoption and framing of the new constitution has eluded consensus. With the aim of establishing a consensus between the political parties GoI has sent its former foreign secretary Shyam Saran to Nepal in August 2010.


  • India-Nepal sign MoU for mutual cooperation in election management.


1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship

  • This is a bilateral treaty establishing a close strategic relationship between the two South Asian neighbours.
  • The treaty allows for the free movement of people and goods between the two nations and a close relationship on matters of defence and foreign affairs.
  • The treaty has been unpopular in many segments of Nepal, especially the Maoists, which regard it as a breach of its sovereignty
  • For India, the treaty is a way to contain the Chinese influence in Nepal
  • Present status: The Maoists (Prachanda) have been demanding a revision of the treaty



India’s big brother attitude

Panchkeshwar Dam

Saptkosi Dam


Strategic importance of Nepal

Close people to people contacts: Cultural ties

Security concerns

Kalapani dispute


<notes from divya

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