India’s Defence System


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India’s Defence System

  • World’s largest arms importer
  • Third largest military force in the world
  • Defence budget:
  • Number of commands <head>
    • Army: 7 <Lieutenant generals>
    • IAF: 5 operational and two functional commands <Air Marshal>
    • Navy: 4 commands <Vice Admiral>
  • Indian navy is only one of the six navies in the world to have nuclear capability
  • IAF: fourth largest air force
  • Indian Coast Guard: 1978 through the Coast Guard Act

Major Operations of the Armed forces

Army  
Operation Polo (1948) Operation to annex the princely state of Hyderabad

 

Chiefs

Army Gen. V K Singh (PVSM, AVSM, YSM, ADC)

·         26th General

·         Rajput regiment

·         Succeeded Deepak Kapoor

First Chief: Robert McGregor Mcdonald Lockard

First Indian Chief: Field Marshal K M Cariappa

Gen Pran Nath Thapar was Chief during Indo-China war <V K Krishna Menon was Defence Minister>

Gen Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri during 1965 war

Field Marshal Manekshaw during 1971 war

Gen Ved Prakash Malik during Kargil conflict

 

Weapons

Aircraft Carrier    
  INS Viraat -The oldest carrier in service.

– Centaur Class

-Commissioned in 1959 as Royal Navy’s HMS Hermes and transferred to India in 1987

-The only carrier in service in Indian Navy as of 2011

  INS Vikramaditya -Soviet: Admiral Gorshkov

– Kiev Class

– To enter Indian service in 2012

– entered service in 1987

  Vikrant  Class INS Vishal -Indigenous

-Under construction

  INS Vikrant -Retired in 1997
     
     
Submarines    
  Akula-II <INS Chakra> -Lease from Russia. For training purpose

– Nuclear powered attack submarine

-Can deliver nuclear missiles to range of 300 km

  INS Arihant -nuclear powered ballistic missile submarines

-launched in 2009

-India’s first Indigenously designed and built submarine

-Constructed as a part of the Indian Navy’s Advanced Technology Vessel Project

  Scorpene class -diesel electric attack submarine

-developed by French DCN and Spanish company Navantia

-India has 6

Frigate    
  Shivalik Class -multi role frigates with stealth features

-first warships being build in India with such features

-lead vessel commissioned in 2010

-built by Mazagon dock limited

  Talwar class -built by Russia

-this was the predecessor of Shivalik

Multimission Maritime Aircraft Boeing P-8 Poseidon  
     
Aircrafts    
  HAL Tejas -indigenous

-lightweight multirole jet fighter

-tailless

-Received Initial Operating Clearance in Jan 2011

-Second supersonic fighter manufactured indigenously by HAL after HAL Marut

  HAL Marut 1960s

-retired in 1985

-indigenous

Helicopter HAL Dhruv -multi-role helicopter

-indigenous

-2002

-exported to several countries including Israel, Burma, Nepal and Equador

Medium altitude long endurance unmanned aeriel vehicle DRDO Rustom -will replace Heron UAVs
     
Missiles    
  Brahmos -World’s fastest cruise missile <2.8 mach>

Range: 290 km

-Already inducted into army and navy.

  Astra -beyond visual range air-to-air missile

-ranges beyond 20 nm

-under test

  Shourya -hypersonic missile (7-8 mach)

-range: 700 km

Surface to surface missile

Land variant of K-15 missile (which is launched under the water)

  Prithvi I Army version – 150 km
  Prithvi II Air Force Version – 250 km
  Prithvi III (Dhanush) Naval Version – 350 km
Agni (medium to intercontinental range ballistic missiles)    
  Agni I  Medium range (500-700 km)
  Agni II Intermediate range (2000-2500 km)
  Agni II Prime (aka Agni IV) 2500-3000 km
  Agni III Intermediate (3000-5500 km)
  Agni V (under development) Intercontinental (5000 km)
  Agni VI (under development) Intercontinental (10000 km)

 

LCA Program

 

Improvement Program

  • Futuristic Infantry Soldier As a System (F-INSAS)
  • It is India’s program to equip the infantry with state of the art equipment

 

India’s nuclear missiles and nuclear warheads are handled by the Strategic Forces Command. It was created in 2003. It is a part of the Nuclear Command Authority. PM heads the NCA.

 

India’s Joint Defence Exercises

Name Type With country?
Shatrujeet Military USA
Yudh Abhyas Military USA
Vajra Prahar Military USA
INDRA Military Russia
Garuda Air Force France
Indradhanush Air Force UK
Malabar Naval USA
SIMBEX Naval Singapore
     
Konkan Naval UK
Varuna Naval French
IBSAMAR Naval Joint naval exercise of India, Brazil and SA
EKUVERIN   India-Maldives

 

Vanguard: US-China

 

MCRA Competition

  • IAF Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft Competition bid to supply 126 multi-role combat aircraft to the IAF.
  • India’s single largest defence deal (USD 9.37 bn)
  • 2 of the 6 competing fighter jets have been shortlisted
    • Eurofighter Typhoon (built by consortium of three countries)
    • Dassault Rafale (France)
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